15 Popular Binary Options Brokers of 2020: Which One Is ...

1M Census Update

1M Census Results and State of the Subreddit

We’ve crossed our t’s, dotted our i’s, and crunched the numbers until there were no more to crunch. So here's a tiptoe through a soupçon of data from our most recent census!
If you’re interested, here are previous results:
We dropped the link to the census shortly after our rollover to one million and closed it after we received 2050 valid responses, which is enough for a quick check-in with the Ask Historians community. We worked through the comments carefully and will make changes where/if we can.
A few people asked if we can get rid of the 20 year rule. No. And here's why.

First, some highlights

Respondents were split between new and long-time readers: 40% of respondents have been reading AH for less than a month. 45% of respondents have been reading AH for at least a year.
Most pass us by on their way to other subreddits and spend most of their time on other subreddits. A few (3%) of users are on Reddit only for AH.
Most of the respondents are the silent type. 60% have never posted a comment and 64% have never asked a question. On the flip side, people who report they post comments tend to also post questions. (About 20% of people who have posted questions report never posting a comment.)
15% of respondents reported posting a question in the last 30 days. Of those who posted a question, 40% said their question was answered. We asked respondents to rank, on a scale of 1 (very dissatisfied) to 10 (very satisfied), how satisfied they were with the answer they got and 95% rated their answer as 5 or higher.

Opinions on the mods

How are the mods doing?
All Responses New Readers (less than one month)
I don't care 6% 29%
Too lenient 2% 0%
Much too strict 2% 2%
A bit too strict 15% 17%
Just right 75% 53%
Several "too strict" people clarified their thinking later in the census. As an example: To be clear - 'a bit too strict' above really is just a tiny amount. You are all doing a fantastic job, I just think the line could be drawn slightly more leniently in some cases.
Are you happy with the moderation style?
  • 76% of respondents think the current mod style is a happy balance.
  • 12% report they don't care.
  • 5% respondents think we should leave fewer comments.
  • 7% respondents think we should leave more comments.
Lots of people were curious about the makeup of the mod team. A quick overview:
  • there are usually between 20-30 active mods in any given week
  • most time zones are represented by at least two mods
  • most mods are native English speakers and many are bilingual or trilingual
  • mods range in age from college undergrads to retirees - we're all volunteers
  • there are more men than women and non-binary mods; most of us are cis, straight, and neurotypical but not all; and most, but not all, identify as white
  • the day job of most mods involve history in one way or another - several mods have PhDs or other advanced degrees in history, several are working on a degree, others work in museums. There are adjunct professors and college staff, teachers, authors, researchers, and even a few with desk jobs.

Demographics

Speaking of demographics, the results from this year’s census are similar to previous years. A few things to highlight.

Gender

All Responses New Readers (less than one month)
Boy/Man 81% 72%
Girl/Woman 14% 24%
non-binary 2% 3%

Location

All Responses New Readers (less than one month)
North America 62% 65%
Europe 28% 25%
Asia 4% 2%
Oceania 3% 1%
South America 2% 1%
Less than 1%
  • Africa
  • Antarctica
Edited on October 25 to update the count with all possible location options

Language

All Responses New Readers (less than one month)
English 72% 63%
Spanish 3% 7%

Are you a member of a historically marginalized group?

All Responses New Readers (less than one month)
No 76% 71%
Yes 25% 30%
The average age of AH readers is 29.

Social Media

  • 55% of respondents didn't know we have a podcast. We do!
  • 25% of respondents didn't know we're on Twitter. We are!
  • 30% didn't know we're on Facebook! We are!

Highlights from Extended Responses

Several respondents express concern about "wasting" mods' time by asking questions. Readers are always encouraged to reach out via modmail. And several respondents seemed unaware of the rules sections on Asking Questions. You can always scroll questions that have been tagged as a Great Question by a mod.
Several respondents raised concerns about the comment count. Two recent developments can help with that.
N > 100 respondents provided feedback about the status of our book recommendation wiki. We will take a look at the lists and pages in the near future.

Finally, you can see more details about the census results here. Feel free to ask any questions you have or share your thinking in the comments!

submitted by UrAccountabilibuddy to AskHistorians [link] [comments]

Frequently asked questions worrying trading on Thisoption

Frequently asked questions worrying trading on Thisoption
Issues on specifically how to trade Thisoption are numerous. Below are several of them:

https://preview.redd.it/1u6y8qlf7ke51.jpg?width=700&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=6c07d1349d6f07a686ca1ee11ba9c396b489a58b
Just how to trade on trial account?
To get trial account ease of access, you call for to cash your trading account as well as additionally call consumer support to get a demonstration account credentials.
Specifically, how to trade binary selections?
To trade binary choices, simply cash your account and likewise login into the system. You will definitely see binary choices trading by default.
Exactly how to trade CFD?
To begin trading CFD, fund your account and additionally login into the system. On the top you'll have the capacity to choose CFD trading tab along with start trading CFD.
What are the issues for a perk in CFD trading?
Reward deals are qualified on all CFD professions and additionally are provided by ThisOption approximately 100%, based upon your transferred amount. Incentives are shown to supply a financier an additional margin for keeping settings and/or to open larger quantity settings. With this statement customer need to identify, that Profit as well as Loss (PnL) always relates to customer's Internet equilibrium, not Profit quantity. Rewards awarded by ThisOption are not withdrawable or tradable individually.

https://preview.redd.it/2fvpc9pi7ke51.jpg?width=980&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5f880668a8bcadf6e2c53bde8d5ef197a75cf110
What time base is utilized by the system?
The moment exists based on Greenwich Time (GMT).
Settlements for properties.
You can find payments for different trading residential or commercial properties in the trading system, on the suitable left side.
Duplicate trading - follow efficient capitalists.
Duplicate trading solution created for beginners and also individuals that intend to trade immediately without hands-on careers.
What is Margin Call?
Margin call is account state when all your open trades will absolutely be instantly shut.
Margin call is set off by 5% margin degree (5% from complimentary funds + opened positions margin).

https://preview.redd.it/na7lh0jm7ke51.jpg?width=969&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=aa28c7577e06c212a5f056b53db566b2423301ba
What is Double Up?
You can double up your financial investment on picked option. When you double up trade, you will obtain duplicate positioning - building, instructions, amount as well as additionally expiration time will definitely coincide, however open rate will certainly differ. New placements will absolutely be opened by existing market value.
What is Rollover?
You can relocate different expiry time on following duration (to present expiration time will certainly be included one duration).
Adhering to troubles must be abided:
  1. Job opportunity should run out the cash (not in profit).
  2. Making use of rollover your monetary investment quantity will certainly be enhanced on 30%. You need to have enough funds on balance.
  3. Till alternative expiry time remaining > 1/4 from picked period.
What is Sell Out?
You can close employment opportunity prior to its expiry time if the setup remains in earnings on 0.1% or even more.

https://preview.redd.it/18uzv1do7ke51.jpg?width=700&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e7e00eb1f76bed9479350d5d5c119e6f957dcadd
After placement is shut, financial investment will definitely be returned back to your equilibrium.
Judgment.
Trading in Thisoption is now made simple for you. You are now aware of the terms used when trading and exactly how to trade. I assume after reading this material, you are currently all set to trade.
FOR MORE INFORMATION PLEASE VISIT:
WEBSITE
Extons: https://www.extons.io
Thisoption: https://thisoption.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thisoptionexchange
Ann Thread: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5263768
Medium: https://medium.com/@thisoption.com
Whitepaper: https://drive.google.com/file/d/17bk3JD1QNu71uNWXxstowz2mhF1XHnRo/view?fbclid=IwAR0YbgXfHmZCw0mLfx5-btldRtqMp_ZvKVndGMqKLVe1KJdhN39l5YHidnY
Article Written By:
Bitcointalk Username: takishanaak
Bitcointalk profile link: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?action=profile;u=2309130
submitted by trishaanywhite to u/trishaanywhite [link] [comments]

Koinpro: Double Up Contract

Koinpro may be a new multi exchange but the developers and overall team pulling the strings on the platform are a savvy lot and experienced and technical know-how to handle the crypto market. With a wide variety of contracts and the ability to trade CFDs using Bitcoin, Koinpro is rapidly becoming a very popular and much-needed futures exchange.One of the main highlights of its features is the Double Up Double Up is more of a feature than a strategy, although you could refer to it as either a feature or a strategy. Until recently, it was alien to the Binary Options industry. Even, at this point, it is only available on a select number of enterprising brokers. ‘Double Up’ is exactly what the name suggests, doubling up your current position. The tool allows a trader to double the investment with the potential resultant effect of doubling the profits from a position at expiration of the contract. The Double Up tool, can therefore be seen as a tool that permits extensibility of your current trade like the “Extend/Rollover” and “Close Now” tools offered by brokers. How does Double Up Work in Binary Options? In general, to use the tool, you should be holding an in-the-money option, with decent time left before expiry, and then you can click on the double up feature (which is often a clickable tab selection on the Broker’s trading platform). By clicking on the feature, you double the potential liability and profit of your current position. Therefore, if you are in the clear when the contract expires, you will have double your initial profits, while the opposite is the case if the position ends out of the money. Nature of Double Up in Binary Options The feature is only available on the platforms of select brokers An option must be ‘in the money’ before the tool can be used Double Up can only be used at a certain point (usually within 5 and 10 minutes) prior to the contract’s expiration A Double Up position is opened at the market rate as at the time the tool is used. Hence, you could make double wins, double losses, or have contrasting results for the original contract and the newer double up contract. Like several innovative features in the financial markets, the Double Up tool may be a blessing or a curse depending on when and how it is used. This is because, while it is marketed as a profit-boosting tool, it can also be a loss-compounding tool.
https://koinpro.com/
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5219842
submitted by redoc77 to ICOAnalysis [link] [comments]

MAME 0.203

MAME 0.203

With Hallowe’en basically over, the only thing you need to make October complete is MAME 0.203. Newly supported titles include not just one, but two Nintendo Game & Watch classics: Donkey Kong and Green House, and the HP 9825B desktop computer. We’ve added dozens of new versions of supported systems, including European bootlegs of Puck Man, Ms. Pac-Man, Phoenix, Pengo and Zero Time, more revisions of Street Fighter II and Super Street Fighter II, and a version of Soldier Girl Amazon made under license by Tecfri.
There are major improvements to plug-in TV games in this release, specifically systems based on the XaviX and SunPlus µ'nSP processors. The Vii is now playable with sound, and the V.Smile can boot games. Tiger Game.com emulation has come to the point where all but one of the games are playable. Some long-standing issues with Tandy CoCo cartridges have been fixed.
It isn’t just home systems that have received attention this month: Namco System 22 emulation has leapt forward. Yes, the hit box errors making it impossible to pass the helicopter (Time Crisis) and the tanks (Tokyo Wars) have finally been fixed. On top of that, video emulation improvements make just about everything on the system look better. In particular, rear view mirrors in the driving games now work properly. If that isn’t enough for you, the code has been optimised, so there’s a good chance you’ll get full speed emulation on a modern PC. There have been less dramatic improvements to video emulation in other Namco and Tecmo systems, and CPS-3 row scroll effects have been implemented.
MAME 0.203 should build out-of-the-box on macOS “Mojave” with the latest Xcode tools (provided your SDL2 framework is up-to-date), a number of lingering debugger issues have been fixed, and it’s now possible to run SDL MAME on a system with no display. MAME’s internal file selection menus should behave better when you type the name of a file to select it.
MAME 0.203 is a huge update, touching all kinds of areas. You can get the source and Windows binary packages from the download page.

MAMETesters Bugs Fixed

New working machines

New working clones

Machines promoted to working

New machines marked as NOT_WORKING

New clones marked as NOT_WORKING

New working software list additions

Software list items promoted to working

New NOT_WORKING software list additions

Source Changes

submitted by cuavas to emulation [link] [comments]

Sharing my numbers, goals, milestones, and advice

I wanted to share a few of my numbers, goals and priorities. Both because it's helpful for me to organize my goals and plans, and because the posts and comments on this sub have helped me out and I thought I'd chip in my 2 cents.
Basic stats: 31M, married, wife the same age. My annual income (software engineer, large company) around 125k + 20k bonus + 5k stock + 4.5% 401k match + ESPP magic of 1.5% salary or more. Wife's salary around 105k with a 2% 401k match at a non-profit. No kids yet, just a dog.
I started working the summer I was 16, for a nickel above federal minimum wage at the time, I think it was around $5.15 / hr. This was a miserable and yet incredibly enlightening experience. I realized I could make it on my own with hard work but I sure didn't want to be stuck there. I went to college, worked part-time and summers through school at only slightly better pay and less-miserable conditions. Wife and I were extremely fortunate to have had families who paid most of college (along with some scholarships and benefits), and we graduated with no debt.
Real income started coming in after I graduated college with an engineering degree in 2007, starting salary was $65k. My wife and I lived basically as we had while in school, renting a cheap place, maxing out the 401ks and Roths, and saving a small amount of taxable income too. Here's my SSA reported earnings (pretty sure I had some W2 income in 2005, not sure why it's missing). Wife's salary has been just a little bit less than mine over the years as she has worked at non-profits and spent two more years in school.
It's been just shy of ten years since we graduated and started working and saving. Here's Mint's (ragged) picture of our net worth as far back as Mint knows about. Their older data is incomplete, the early years are missing several accounts that we had, and there is a discontinuity around our house purchase last year as Mint can't be made to understand the date we closed on our house and how that corresponds to the dip in cash.
Right now we're still maxing 401ks, maxing my HSA, and average maybe $2000 or so of taxable savings per month. I'll be getting my first bonus check from my current job this year, and plan to save basically all of it, plus all my stock options and ESPP. If everything goes smoothly I hope we can save well over $75k this year. I have a goal set in Mint to get to $1M in cash and investments, and if the market doesn't take a dive and our savings stay on track, I hope to get there by early 2018. Our major expenses are dog-care ($600/month), mortgage ($3300/month incl. taxes and insurance), and some travel.
Our net worth breakdown: Assets:
Liabilities:
I mentioned already my wife and I were helped out significantly by having undergrad paid for and graduating debt free. I received an inheritance of around $200k a few years ago which also explains our growth. I say this to be transparent about where our money has come from and not write some inflated baloney.
With those caveats and explanations, here are some lessons I've learned along the way that I'd like to share.
  1. Prioritize your physical health first. Yes my first advice is actually to spend money -- investing in yourself and your health. Even if you are young and without major problems, go to your yearly physicals and dentist appointments. Nobody likes going to the doctor, but not going ends up being much worse.
    • I am in decent health, but I would gladly pay every dollar in all my retirement accounts to have my few health problems solved for good and be guaranteed a long, healthy, active life. In my case, that's not possible. Doctors can only do so much. Some of your health is decided by luck and genetics. But control the part that you can control -- lucky for all of us, it's usually a pretty large part. Eat your fresh fruits and vegetables, exercise, and don't eat out all the time -- not primarily because eating out is expensive, but because your health cannot be bought at any price, and making food yourself will simply be better for you.
  2. Prioritize your mental health, happiness, and sanity second. Having a 90% savings rate will do nothing for you if you are depressed and suicidal. If you don't live long enough to enjoy your early retirement, all those years and decades of hard work were a waste. I'd much rather see someone making the bare minimum 401k contributions, with a job he enjoys, good friends, family support, loving spouse, than see an isolated and depressed wage-slave, spending all his time at a job he hates in a depressing environment, just to max out savings.
    • In fact, I see the entire idea of "financial independence" as a small part of a larger picture: determining what your priorities are in life, what really makes you happy now and will make you happy long-term, and then consciously investing your time, energy, and money to those pursuits. And cutting back on everything else. Build the life you want, then save for it
  3. I can't tell you the number of posts I see on personalfinance where the biggest obstacle boils down to "I paid way too much for a new car I can't really afford and now I'm in big trouble". What's worse, the people that post are the ones smart enough to realize something is wrong and reach out for help, I worry about the rest.
    • I live in a New England city where a big snowfall will regularly bury us for a week or two at a stretch in the winter. It is mind-boggling the number of cars I see here, weeks after a snowstorm, still parked on the street completely buried by snow -- the owners have more cars than they need, so what the hell, just leave the extra cars abandoned on the street (for "free" of course), buried in the snow. Car insurance for me and my wife here costs, for one car, north of $1k/year and we both have spotless driving records. Plus motor vehicle excise tax, registration, emissions test, plates, AAA, etc. And those are just the fixed costs, without putting any miles on the car! I am simply astounded by these abandoned cars hanging out for weeks.
  4. Buy a damn bicycle and start somewhere. The number of excuses I hear about why one can't bike is just insane. Work is too far, it's too cold, too wet, too dangerous, I'm out of shape, I don't have a bike, I don't really know how to bike, bikes get stolen, I'll get sweaty, and on and on. Look. Go to your local bike shop, or Craigslist, or hell even Walmart. Spend $150-$200 on a used or (crappy) new bike. Get a helmet and maybe a lock. And just try going somewhere on a nice cool, sunny day. Go to a coffee shop, park, bookstore, post office, whatever. You lock up basically anywhere. No coins or credit card for the meter, no circling for parking. Time how long it took you. If it's somewhere close, and you live in a city, it probably wasn't much slower than driving and dealing with parking, maybe even faster. And remember how infuriating it is to be stuck in a car in a traffic jam? That will never happen to you on a bike.
    • Commuting to work every day by bike may not be for you. Maybe you can do it on nice days in the spring and fall. Maybe you can do a few errands here and there. Maybe just for fun rides on the weekend. Read the true cost of commuting by the great Mr. Money Moustache if you want financial motivation. I wonder if I have MMM beat with my bike commuting stats ? But just try riding a bike a few times and see how you like it. If you hate it, fine, it's not for you.
  5. Spend some time getting VERY familiar with your work benefits. It is easy to miss out on free money. A few examples from my own experience:
    • If you have an employer match, be careful about front-loading your 401k contributions, even just a little bit, e.g. meeting the 401k contribution limit by November in the year. Depending on how it is set up, the match may only kick in, say, up to a 5% match of each pay period. So if you front-load and are maxed out by November, you would have only gotten a 5% match for 11 months, not 12 months.
    • If you have an employer HSA and your employer is generous enough to have incentive programs to reward you with money for exercise, preventative care, health counseling, etc. get on top of those and max them out. It's free money!
    • The workplace ESPP plans I've had access to are also free money (often a 15% guaranteed ROI after 6 months if company stock is flat or goes down, with the potential for much more if the company stock goes up). You are crazy if you don't contribute the full amount here.
    • Be on the lookout for other fringe employee benefits. We recently found out my wife's work offers reimbursement up to $20/month for bicycle commuting expenses. Ka-ching.
    • Understanding the details of your vacation policy (PTO) is critical. How often do they accrue? Do you have other days ("floating holidays") and how are they different? What is your cap on the max. number of days accrued? Do they roll-over year to year? Do they get paid out when you leave the company? Time is money, these days are precious, don't waste any of them.
  6. On the same lines, the easiest credit card sign-ups and bank sign-ups are no-brainers, great money for a minimal time investment. You don't have to go overboard like the hardcore folks at churning , but just signing up and canceling one or two cards per year can net you an easy $200-$500 bonus each time. Even better, the credit card bonuses are generally treated as discounts on purchases, not income, so not treated as taxable income by the IRS.
  7. Make a to-do list of financial fixes, bill cuts, home improvements, and work on them regularly. My quick list is:
    • rollover wife's old 401k to an IRA
    • set up a backdoor Roth for me and my wife this year
    • do an easy credit card sign-up bonus
    • take advantage of a state program to pay for insulation in our house
  8. Think about what makes you happy and do more of it. Stop for a moment and ponder -- what are the top three things that you love doing, that when you are old and grey you will look back fondly on?
    • I bet that "compulsively checking Facebook" wasn't on your list. Or "sitting in traffic on the way to work". Financial Independence is all about taking control of your life. But you don't need some magic amount of money saved to do this. Being financially independent is more of a spectrum than a binary. Just having a small emergency fund saved will give you confidence at work, give you flexibility to interview for other jobs, allow you to sleep better at night, invest in yourself, etc.
  9. And after taking care of yourself and your immediate family, think about your other close friends and more extended family (well, the ones you love, at least). Just as our families have sacrificed for us, I see my extended family members who have needed help over the years and have tried to help out quite a bit, financially and otherwise. This is actually what I look forward to the most as our nest egg slowly fills in. I don't want to be a Scrooge sticking to a leanfire budget for 40+ years of retirement with no wiggle room. I aspire to be able to help friends, family, and charities I care about.
submitted by FIREyerBoss to financialindependence [link] [comments]

MAME 0.203

MAME 0.203

With Hallowe’en basically over, the only thing you need to make October complete is MAME 0.203. Newly supported titles include not just one, but two Nintendo Game & Watch classics: Donkey Kong and Green House, and the HP 9825B desktop computer. We’ve added dozens of new versions of supported systems, including European bootlegs of Puck Man, Ms. Pac-Man, Phoenix, Pengo and Zero Time, more revisions of Street Fighter II and Super Street Fighter II, and a version of Soldier Girl Amazon made under license by Tecfri.
There are major improvements to plug-in TV games in this release, specifically systems based on the XaviX and SunPlus µ'nSP processors. The Vii is now playable with sound, and the V.Smile can boot games. Tiger Game.com emulation has come to the point where all but one of the games are playable. Some long-standing issues with Tandy CoCo cartridges have been fixed.
It isn’t just home systems that have received attention this month: Namco System 22 emulation has leapt forward. Yes, the hit box errors making it impossible to pass the helicopter (Time Crisis) and the tanks (Tokyo Wars) have finally been fixed. On top of that, video emulation improvements make just about everything on the system look better. In particular, rear view mirrors in the driving games now work properly. If that isn’t enough for you, the code has been optimised, so there’s a good chance you’ll get full speed emulation on a modern PC. There have been less dramatic improvements to video emulation in other Namco and Tecmo systems, and CPS-3 row scroll effects have been implemented.
MAME 0.203 should build out-of-the-box on macOS “Mojave” with the latest Xcode tools (provided your SDL2 framework is up-to-date), a number of lingering debugger issues have been fixed, and it’s now possible to run SDL MAME on a system with no display. MAME’s internal file selection menus should behave better when you type the name of a file to select it.
MAME 0.203 is a huge update, touching all kinds of areas. You can get the source and Windows binary packages from the download page.

MAMETesters Bugs Fixed

New working machines

New working clones

Machines promoted to working

New machines marked as NOT_WORKING

New clones marked as NOT_WORKING

New working software list additions

Software list items promoted to working

New NOT_WORKING software list additions

Source Changes

submitted by cuavas to MAME [link] [comments]

MAME 0.203

MAME 0.203

With Hallowe’en basically over, the only thing you need to make October complete is MAME 0.203. Newly supported titles include not just one, but two Nintendo Game & Watch classics: Donkey Kong and Green House, and the HP 9825B desktop computer. We’ve added dozens of new versions of supported systems, including European bootlegs of Puck Man, Ms. Pac-Man, Phoenix, Pengo and Zero Time, more revisions of Street Fighter II and Super Street Fighter II, and a version of Soldier Girl Amazon made under license by Tecfri.
There are major improvements to plug-in TV games in this release, specifically systems based on the XaviX and SunPlus µ'nSP processors. The Vii is now playable with sound, and the V.Smile can boot games. Tiger Game.com emulation has come to the point where all but one of the games are playable. Some long-standing issues with Tandy CoCo cartridges have been fixed.
It isn’t just home systems that have received attention this month: Namco System 22 emulation has leapt forward. Yes, the hit box errors making it impossible to pass the helicopter (Time Crisis) and the tanks (Tokyo Wars) have finally been fixed. On top of that, video emulation improvements make just about everything on the system look better. In particular, rear view mirrors in the driving games now work properly. If that isn’t enough for you, the code has been optimised, so there’s a good chance you’ll get full speed emulation on a modern PC. There have been less dramatic improvements to video emulation in other Namco and Tecmo systems, and CPS-3 row scroll effects have been implemented.
MAME 0.203 should build out-of-the-box on macOS “Mojave” with the latest Xcode tools (provided your SDL2 framework is up-to-date), a number of lingering debugger issues have been fixed, and it’s now possible to run SDL MAME on a system with no display. MAME’s internal file selection menus should behave better when you type the name of a file to select it.
MAME 0.203 is a huge update, touching all kinds of areas. You can get the source and Windows binary packages from the download page.

MAMETesters Bugs Fixed

New working machines

New working clones

Machines promoted to working

New machines marked as NOT_WORKING

New clones marked as NOT_WORKING

New working software list additions

Software list items promoted to working

New NOT_WORKING software list additions

Source Changes

submitted by cuavas to cade [link] [comments]

Technical Update on SuperiorCoin do you have questions?

Technical Update on SuperiorCoin do you have questions?

SuperiorCoin Community Welcomes your Questions

SuperiorCoin Follows

Overview

This major release will follow a network update, which in turn enabled Bulletproofs for reduced transaction sizes, sets the ringsize globally to 11 for uniformity of transactions, updated the PoW algorithm to CNv2, and finally sets the max transaction size at half of the penalty free block size. This release of the software presents a number of major improvements to SuperiorCoin, as well as a large set of bug fixes.
Some highlights of this major release are:
  • New Docker file for 64 bit Android
  • Ledger code overhaul using HIDAPI
  • Blackballing tool allows the wallet to avoid selecting known spent outputs in its rings
  • Depends system to be used as a base for reproducible builds
  • Generic M/N multisig with M < N-1
  • Translation updates
  • Non ASCII seed input for Windows
  • The spend key is now optionally held encrypted in memory
  • More memory wiping to avoid secret data lingering in memory
  • Block and transaction notifcation system
  • New set of DNSSEC supporting default DNS servers
  • Support for DNSSEC keys rollover
  • Many minor fixes from Coverity reports
  • Memory containing secret data is now locked so it won't get swapped (Linux)
  • Preliminary support for non-Ledger hardware wallets
  • Fix for blockchain format conversion crash corner case
  • Warn about old style unencrypted payment IDs usage
  • Building now places objects/binaries in a separate directory for each branch
  • Multi output bulletproofs
  • Many bulletproof speedups
  • Fake output selection improvements (mostly using a gamma distribution)
  • monero-wallet-rpc now has a daemon mode
  • Cryptonight variant 2
  • Travis build bot
  • Fixes for --generate-from-jsonusing the wrong wallet filename
  • Build fixes for s390x, ARM, Android, Windows, Docker, FreeBSD
  • Easier output splitting using sweep_* commands
  • The blockchain db now stores prunable and unprunable data separately
  • Keccak fix for big endian platforms
  • New wallet creation height fix for when the daemon is not running
  • New Keccak incremental update mode
  • Removal of obsolete transfer_original code
  • Transaction fees are now per byte, rather than per kilobyte
  • Transaction fees and block size/weight limit now consider notional size ("weight") to account for non-size-linear verification time
  • New update_available flag in get_info RPC
  • Some minor ringct verification speedup
  • Include cumulative difficulty in RPC block header data
  • Blocks now have a max weight for a single transaction
  • New expect and related objects
  • NetBSD support
  • Many more performance tests
  • Remove tiny bias in random EC scalar generation
  • Ring size is now fixed to 11 in the general case
  • Performance tests can now report min, median and standard deviation
  • Aligned memory allocator
  • Terse mode for performance tests
  • unbound and miniupnpc are now git submodules
  • start_mining RPC now reports whether the daemon is already mining instead of a generic error
  • Use more exploit mitigation build options where possible
  • cmake >= 3.5 is now needed
  • Network connections now bind to the correct IP
  • Error out when --wallet-fileand --wallet-dirare both used at the same time
  • Daemon start time is now withheld when running with --restricted-rpc
  • New close_wallet RPC
  • Fix for the wallet giving up scanning a transaction at the first invalid public key
  • RPC password can now be set using the RPC_LOGIN environment variable
  • simplewallet can now use a monero: URI directly
  • cn_deserialize can now extract payment IDs from transactions
  • The daemon now warns about performance if it detects the blockchain is on a rotating hard disk
  • Fix seed usage on big endian platforms
  • Compare secret keys in constant time
  • New refresh wallet RPC
  • Fix wallet going out of sync when it fails to parse a transaction
  • Fix wallet failing to load after its internal cached hash chain goes out of sync
  • Translation files are now handled when cross compiling
  • Fix txpool code infinite loop if a database error occurs
  • Speed up get_output_distribution a lot by caching data in the blockchain database
  • Some HTTP parsing speedups
  • New change_wallet_password RPC
  • Block template caching for performance
  • simplewallet now understands named priority levels, in additions to numbers
  • Resize the blockchain more conservatively
  • Fix earliest fork height caching in wallet
  • Core dumps are now disabled in wallet release binaries since they would contain secret data
  • The logger will now print to the console if the logger isn't live
  • Sync blockchin based on bytes received, not blocks received, for better performance
  • New codefresh pipeline
  • New blockchain_depth and blockchain_ancestry statistics tools
  • The wallet can now use a user defined number of Cryptonight rounds for its KDF
  • simplewallet now warns about unrecoverable data when rescan_blockchain is run
  • Fix for race in network connection shutdown
  • Fix for simplewallet misreporting long times
  • Fix sanity checking of update record hashes
  • simplewallet now points out coinbase outputs in show_transfer
  • 0MQ correctness and performance improvements
  • Fix for simplewallet dividing by 0 on an invalid dameon response
  • New get_address_index wallet RPC
  • getbalance RPC now accepts a set of address indices
  • New set_tx_key simplewallet command to import tx keys from other wallets
  • --log-filenow handles filenames without directories
  • RPC JSON error response now include the JSON version
  • Syncing messages now include a percentage done and blocks left to sync
  • Fix quadratic complexity in import_key_images
  • New locked_sweep_all simplewallet command
  • Make tests use temporary files in a writable directory
  • Fix wallet language detection when using --use-english-language-names
  • Integrated addresses can now be made for an arbitrary address
  • Do not sync read only databases
  • Build fix for boost 1.67
  • core tests now have a --filteroption
  • miniupnpc, rapidjson and unbound upstream updates
  • Minor HTTP parsing fixes and speedups
  • New ignore-fractional-outputs wallet setting to ignore inputs below the fee level
  • New --regtestand --fixed-difficultydebug options
  • New generatblocks debug RPC
  • Prevent the wallet cache from being opened by more than one wallet at a time
  • UTF-8 vs UTF-16 filename conversion for windows
  • New suggested_confirmations field based on transfer amount and coinbase amount
  • Cache ringdb encryption key for speed
  • Threading improvements
  • Wallet refresh speedups
  • alt_chain_info can now show a particular chain
  • Fix read buffer overflow in import_key_images
  • New get_transaction_pool_hashes JSON RPC
  • Lower subaddress lookahead when using a hardware wallet
  • Report the blockchain size in getinfo
  • Report block hash and height when finding a block
  • Fix double header in unsigned transaction file when cold signing
  • Fix thoretical P2P layer wedge when getting incoming connection cancellations at just the right time
  • Fix lengthy delay when setting auto-refresh off at the wrong time
  • Fix 0MQ bind call when address and/or port are empty
  • Add disclaimer in the README that third party data is, well, third party, and thus differently trusted
  • Fix wallet RPC crashes when there is no open wallet
  • Fix wallet crash when using a newly created account
  • Batch transactions are now enabled by default in LMDB
  • Quantize starting refresh height when starting up the wallet, to help against fingerprinting
  • New --max-log-filescommand line option
  • simplewallet can now set to ignore unmixable outputs (run rescan_spent to undo)
  • Fix incorrect fee for split transactions
  • Report db version number when it is incompatible
  • P2P command line options now accept hostnames as well as IP addresses
  • Adaptive connection timeout system, to mitigate against DoS
  • simplewallet does not prompt for a missing payument ID when sending to subaddresses only
  • Log rotation now numbers files if getting current time fails
  • simplewallet can now take a filename with rings in th set_ring command
  • Fix cold signing with bulletproofs
  • --guard-against-pwnageis now --dangerous-unverified-importin blockchain-import, and it now warns and pauses
  • Strip copyrighted ICC profile (can't make it up) metadata from monero icon PNG file
  • The wallet does not log by default any longer, for privacy
  • Consider ToI2P addresses as being non-local for daemon trust purposes
  • set_daemon wallet command now acccepts an optional trusted/untrusted argument
  • Do not try to pop blocks with unexpected version from a read only database
  • Drop P2P connection if most blocks are invalid
  • New set of wallet RPC for cold signing
  • Fix 172.16..31 local IP range detection
  • Fix readline interfering with std::cerr usage
  • New Windows debug build Makefile targets
  • Disable file size sanity check for wallet caches, which can get quite large
  • Enable/disable auto safe mode on LMDB where appropriate
  • Fix build with GCC 8.1.0
  • Warn when no incoming P2P connections are seen
  • Use correct unit for fee in simplewallet
  • Fix output shuffling for multisig
  • Fix race adding the same tx twice to the txpool
  • fix configuring version.cpp without git
  • Add warnings about inaccurate balances to to watch-only wallet
  • New unit tests
  • Many more smaller fixes, speedups, improvements and other tweaks
submitted by Kevin_Leversee to SuperiorCoin [link] [comments]

A World Imagined

In order to sustain the presence of life and freedom on this planet Earth, it must be taken as a responsibility for the self-aware conscious beings that inhabit it, to engineer an environment of cohabitation and liberty, devoid of oppression to all other benign beings. Thus, we pledge to harmonize the functions of our labors to reverently nurture the cradle for anticipated generations, of all kinds. Striving without end, we embark on this task in gratitude, to allow nature take it's course, free of impairment. Priority of the task to embody compassion toward others will be perpetually held foremost, adapting habits to suit a symbiosis that considers the regional extents of intermingled thriving bodies, never to lessen their boundaries lest determined hazardous. Deliberation of this reasoning need not be outlined by numerous letter and character. By an evaluation of the merited, detriment or development shall be managed in appropriate fashion to align with the balances aforementioned.
The proposal being brought forward for balance and synergy with the planet, is a currency that is socially embellished by the cooperation of the people to contribute more as a whole than what is needed by the individuals. By which, making each denomination note worth more each year and eventually making itself obsolete as we move into a money free world. Imagine a currency backed by a renewable resource, with the benefit of manifesting our basic human needs and the means by which to share it for the progress of mankind. There is no other than the dog star plant to raise humanities standard of living to one of comfort for all lives.
Cannabis has been a useful plant for humanity since it's discovery several millennia ago, but around the world it was made illegal due to the U.N.’s Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs in 1961 A.D. (UN). However, people’s attitudes are changing today with Colorado, Alaska, Oregon, and Washington becoming the first states to legalize cannabis for purposes beyond medicine, we are now free to rediscover all the amazing things this plant can do for us and our planet.
As much as the digital age is fast reducing the need for printing many things, paper is very important to a modern economy as it serves as a medium for our currency, contracts, study, and especially artwork. Paper that is typically used in modern times is most often made of wood, along with chemicals not found in nature (Gendell). Needless to say, modern paper making is bad for the environment because it not only removes trees from their ecosystems, but also adds pollutants to the atmosphere by its production. Cannabis has the potential to replace wood, and does not need chemicals to become paper (General). Cannabis also produces more biomass per acre than trees, and in less time than it takes trees to grow. For comparison, one acre of cannabis will produce two crops in a year with the equivalent amount of 4 acres of trees. Cannabis can also be used to make cardboard and even tissue paper; basically every practical industry involving trees could instead be accomplished with cannabis.
Cannabis can also be eaten in a number of ways and all parts of the plant can be prepared into a wide variety of meals. It is very common for medical dispensaries to mix the flowering tops of cannabis into sweets because of its medicinal properties, and many of these sweets could pass as just regular food (Ferner). The seeds of the plant can be used to make a bread like substance known as hempseed cake. This cake is very good for whoever consumes it as it is high in many vitamins and minerals such as magnesium and manganese (Hemp Flour). The leaves and stalk of the plant can be prepared into a drink that the Indians call “bhang” (pronounced bong) it’s a very creamy and smooth drink that tastes like water if nothing is added to the original recipe, however one can add chocolate to it for flavor, or cinnamon for flavor and memory enhancing properties. Now you can eat cannabis and drink it too, all the while its good for you, they basically made the best vegetable illegal.
Cannabis has very strong fibers that can be made into products ranging from T-shirts to Hammocks. Cannabis also grows faster than traditional sources of clothing fiber such as cotton; two to three times faster to be exact (General). What this means is that cannabis is a stronger material than what people currently use now and it is also easier to grow more of it. Cannabis could therefore be a solution to clothing the world’s population at a time when many are worrying about overpopulation, and lack of resources.
The parts of the cannabis plant that are not used for fibers are known as hurds which make up about 70% of the plant’s biomass. These hurds can be used for building material when combined with lime (General). The resulting material is called hempcrete; a material which is both self-insulating and fire proof. This material also has a carbon negative action on the atmosphere, which means that it takes CO2 out of the atmosphere and locks it inside the material of the building. On top of this carbon negative benefit of hempcrete is another: reduced energy costs due to its superior insulation properties. One of the biggest contributors to greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere is human homes; making homes carbon negative and less dependent on fossil fuels could help turn the clock back when it comes to excess carbon in our atmosphere (Perritano). These buildings are not new, in fact the roman aqueducts in France were made of this same material, and are still standing today even 2000 years after Rome collapsed! This implies that carbon negative action taken now will have positive effects for generations to come. It also implies that if we made public buildings out of this material we could spend less on maintaining them, and less on replacing them.
Finding a sustainable, efficient, and clean energy source has been a very big challenge for people in the 21st Century, but the search may be over as cannabis can also be made into fuel. Biodiesel can be made out of cannabis oils from the seeds and stalk of the plant, while biofuel is made from just the stalks of cannabis (General). As stated earlier cannabis grows much faster than many plants in the world, and it can also be grown all over the world. What this implies is that people would have the ability to generate their own fuel, and in turn the laws of supply and demand would lower gas prices. Not only would gas be cheaper if we produced cannabis fuel, it would create a respiratory like cycle between cars and their fuel. CO2 would be burned and released into the atmosphere and then reabsorbed by cannabis plants ready to be turned into fuel or another product. Henry Ford even demonstrated that a car can be fueled by nothing but cannabis (Henry Ford's). Essentially what cannabis allows humans to do is have a healthy natural relationship with our planet while still enjoying the pleasures of the modern world.
Motor vehicles are a huge part of our economy given that they transport goods and people from place to place, but they are made of materials that must be mined to acquire. Luckily cannabis can be made into a light durable plastic that is ideal for motor vehicles. In fact Canadian scientists have already made one.(Gordon) The Scientists discovered that by using cannabis in the creation of this car that less fuels are needed to push the car forward because the cannabis plastic is much lighter than traditional materials. Cannabis is also stronger than steel when put in this form (Gordon). So now you can make a car out of cannabis and fuel it with cannabis, while at the same time being more efficient than regular fossil fuels and stronger than traditional car material.
The most well-known use of cannabis is its medical applications. Over 20 states in the United States have recognized that cannabis is effective when treating certain ailments. For instance just recently Utah passed a bill that allows epileptic people access to CBD oil: an extract of cannabis that prevents seizures and is known as an antipsychotic. Cannabis has another compound in it loved by patients everywhere because of its innumerable applications, that compound is known as THC. THC was the reason the plant was made illegal in the first place, but that was because people had very little knowledge of its true effects. The most shocking of these medical effects is that THC actually strengthens the brain rather than weaken it as THC protects it from neurdegeneration (Walia). This protection actually prevents Alzheimer’s disease and other symptoms of aging. THC has also been proven to reduce tumors from different cancers in multiple studies. One myth about cannabis is that it gives the consumer more lung cancer than tobacco, but the opposite is actually true cannabis cures and prevents lung cancer in the consumer, and has also been found to reduce asthma. When it comes to most cancers cannabis makes these cells wither and die; denying someone this medicine because of a propaganda campaign is morally wrong. Cannabis can be used for less serious conditions as well such as chronic pain from multiple diseases (105 Peer-Reviewed). Cannabis has also been proven to help people with bipolar disorder manage their condition by improving their memory, attention, and general attitude. THC also has the effect of improving appetite which is very valuable to AIDS patients who have trouble eating, as well as people with eating disorders. To say the least Cannabis has a lot of medical applications and more are surely going to be discovered now that people are more accepting of the plant.
Cannabis’s greatest application could be its use as a currency. Throughout history, I know of 3 monetary systems: bartering goods and services, gold/silver standard money, and fiat currency. Cannabis as a medium of exchange is not a new idea; in fact Thomas Jefferson used it as currency when the government ran out of money in May of 1781 while he was governor of Virginia.("Hemp history") Just as with gold backing, such a currency would operate by having each note redeemable for an amount of hemp, whether raw or in a refined state of oil, seed, fiber, or hurds. AN ACTUAL "federal reserve" would grow, harvest, and hold this crop, along with printing the amount of money equal to the amount of resource held, so that these notes can be redeemed at the banks for the harvested raw and/or refined hemp (oil, fiber, hurd, etc). Currently our currency is based on debt, not value, and this can lead to problems among neighbors, fearing scarcity. For every dollar we print we go that much plus interest in debt: meaning we can never pay our debt off even if we used every dollar in existence. Cannabis offers us a way out of perpetual debt, and also gives the power of currency to the people rather than the privately owned Federal Reserve.
Cannabis backed currency is a unit of accountability to our ecosystem and the betterment to our every man, woman, and child. An open worldwide market utilizing a network of claimed lands would serve as the basis for a cooperative economy and government, funded by a property tax of cannabis; that is to say, the more land that you participate with, the more cannabis you pay in taxes. The government would have to send high quality seeds to all land owning people in order for this system to be fair, but at least debt is not inherently created as a loan of principle and interest when this money enters the economy.
Citizens would replace their current currency notes at the reserve with the new cannabis notes, at the same value as compared with how much raw material that amount would purchase from the reserve. ANYone, at ANY time, has the option to grow a crop to turn in to the reserves, to attain cannabis currency (the reason that this benefit does not collapse the system and erase the need for jobs by citizens, and in turn erase capitalism markets, is because it can only be done once, possibly twice, a year).
To phase it into society, the best method would be to start with businesses that can utilize the crop either by 100% or a considerable amount, for them to pay their employees in hemp notes in a slowly increasing percentage of wages and to buy hemp ingredients for their products from the new hemp banks, at an appropriate amount per unit of the resource, in relation to the present economic state in the nation (These companies would buy, in USD, the hemp to manufacture with, until the harvesting is USD proofed; not requiring petroleum to run the machines or paying wages in USD).
After the first fiscal year, the number of circulated notes would be tallied, by the use of catalogued serial numbers (tracked like anonymous credit card numbers, tied to the hemp serial note, not the person), so that the sum could be grown to sustain the size of the economy. The supply will constantly grow and shrink at the same time because of how people consume and renew it.
As the fiscal years turn, all uncirculated notes would leave behind an amount of unredeemed hemp, that would rollover into the value of each note in the following year, i.e. out of 10 trillion pounds, if all but 1 trillion is used, then the notes are now worth 1.1x the amount as they were previously. That amount would be factored into the next year's crop size, to cover it possibly being redeemed later.
There could be a maximum of the number of years this amount would be covered by next year's crop, making inheritance of "old money" wealth out of the question and keeping the crop reserves fresh. So, if notes are not redeemed for, say, 3years, the serial numbers on the notes are "burned", removing that amount from what is to be grown the next year and making those particular notes unredeemable. This portion could be taxed to supply public sector programs with their needs, by turning into free food, clothes, shelter, fuel, etc.
The amount of hemp donated from the civilians between federally sanctioned crops would count against the amount of "hemp debt" factored for the added value notes (that didn't circulate the previous year and are not set to "burn" in that cycle) By surpassing the notes queued to cover the size of the economy for the next year, this starts to reduce interest rates on loans, potentially leading to a system that has NEGATIVE interest rates on loans.
The final reason this currency is inflation proof is that it's supplies will grow with the population: the more people alive, the more people that will want to consume cannabis, so more people will grow it. Inflation would only take place on non-renewable resources, that would increase in price with the overall amount of resource/money held at reserves, just to maintain it's rate of attainment, so as not to use these too quickly.
Cannabis can be grown everywhere humans live, so it can even be put to use as an international currency free from the barriers of languages and governments. The numbers I have crunched are only to outline a general concept. Starting with an overestimated 350 million US citizens, at 50k pounds per person, a 17.5 trillion pound reserves would be grown. Going from an estimated 6-10k pound per acre yield, it would require 1.75 to 2.92 billion acres. The US has ~2.25 billion arable acres, so this can possibly be done in a single year.
Some numbers I ran based on a full capacity use worldwide:
3.10798574 billion arable hectares of land on Earth * 2 crops a year * 8000 lbs is average between 6 and 10k lbs per hectare * 16 ounces per pound as the individual units likened to a dollar, totals 795,644,349,000,000 or 795 trillion, 644 billion, 349 million. That's the total potential of a world cannabis currency in individual slices in the pie if grown at full capacity.
Only 7.59 billion hectares are needed to give everyone on Earth a 1,250 square foot home. 971.25 trillion units worth of work that can be done in about two and a half years. On top of the fiber and hurds content used from the plant to make the houses, there would also be 3,000 lbs average of seed yield per hectare * the 3.10798574 billion hectares a year * 2 crops a year is 18,647,914,440,000 or 18.65 trillion lbs of seed, 46,619,786,100,000 or 46 trillion 619 billion 786 million 100 thousand lbs of seed after the 2.5 years to grow the hemp for fiber to build houses for everyone. 37 gallons of oil per acre from seed is 284.16 billion gallons in a year, or 710.4 billion gallons of hemp oil after the 2.5 years to grow the fiber to build houses for everyone.
That is a hypothetical cap to the planet's capacity for this economy. Even if scaling it down to small fractions of the areas mentioned, you can see that it still yields a considerable amount for trial local economies.
On top of all this the flowering tops of cannabis, which hold the most THC and CBD, would be representative of other products in the economy due to the other parts of the plant being applicable for so many uses. How could this system be managed? Since all cannabis varies a spectrometer device will be needed to “read” the THC and CBD of cannabis while simultaneously weighing it. This device could also double as a virtual wallet that would account for how many cannabinoids you have stored in the bank to avoid theft and inconvenience.
All in all, cannabis has a lot of uses, and potential uses. One day you could be driving a cannabis car, using cannabis fuel, on the way to your cannabis house, to eat your cannabis dinner, while wearing cannabis clothes, and all while everything was purchased with cannabis. This plant clearly forms a symbiotic relationship with humans, and for the health of our planet it should be accepted as a wise alternative to the harmful things we do to maintain our standard of living currently.

CannabisCurrency

.A Grow
.B Harvest
.C Contributors weigh by lbs. (Banks and Individuals)
.D Store in Central Vaults (Clear pyramid over an open pit with view of cranes picking out bales)
.E Paid wages on single hemp note, with a heading like a denomination bill, a security strip, given to each company, very precious tape embeded, a ledger following under where it's spent and for how much (bifolds like a check).
.F Each place of spending would take the note, scan a bar, which figures the difference, write a new line on the ledger, prints new heading with a new company security strip embeded, new value of note stated, and then destroy the old note in order for the print to work.
.G Built in system of recording, in case of failure and needing a note replaced.
.H Spent like an anonymous bank card, that communicates the trades of the values of hemp product and hemp currency, back to the reserves.
.I However, it is a note, resembling a Bond, with a binary strip or RFID embeded.
[US Dollar (USD)] = 1 [Current Currency (CC)] = [USD] x [Exchange Rate] [Hemp Reserve Note (HRN)] = [CC]
[Crop Unit] (CU, cubic 3 ft. bundle of raw plant) [Unit Weight] (UW, number of Lbs or Kgs)
Price of Crop Unit: [Hemp Reserve Notes (HRN)]/[CU] = 27([UW]/Ft3)* x 65[CC]** * = Actual Weight {[CU] =? [UW]/Ft3} ** = [CC]/[UW], subject to change when compared with national economic state. This number represents the quantity of base value(1CC) hemp notes per pound [Yearly Print (YP)] = [Reserve Crop Held in Lbs(RCH#)] x 65**
[Citizens' Withdraw in Hemp Notes (CW)] = [CC]/65**
{YP is the new hemp currency notes put into circulation each year, that represent the exact amount of the harvested plant, broken down into stackable blocks that has been verified to be able to produce X amount of each Known Goods (KG)} (Known Goods / KG: Refer to diagram - Message me for link to PDF containing graph)
Sources
Ferner, Matt. "10 Marijuana Edibles That Could Pass As 'Real' Food." Huffington Post. 15 10 2013 : n. page. Web. 4 Apr. 2014.
Gendell, Adam . "Paper is Made from What?!." GreenBlue. GreenBlue, 3 Oct. 2011. Web. 4 Apr. 2014.
"General Hemp Information." HempBasics. Natural Hemp Products, n.d. Web. 4 Apr. 2014
Gordon-Bloomfield, Nikki. "Canada's Cannabis Car." FoxNews.com. (2010): n. page. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.
"Henry Ford's Suppressed Hemp Car - What We All Should Be Driving." Spirit Science and Metaphysics. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.
"Hemp Flour and Hemp Seed Cake." HempSeed.ca. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Apr. 2014
"Hemp history." Global Hemp. N.p., 2001. Web. 4 Apr. 2014
"105 Peer-Reviewed Studies on Marijuana." ProCon.org. N.p.,5 Sep. 2012. Web.4 Apr. 2014. Perritano, John. "Can I use hemp as a building material and to insulate my house?." how stuff works. n.d. n. page. Web. 4 Apr. 2014
UN, "Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 ." United Nations Treaty Collection. un.org, 30 Mar. 1961. Web. 4 Apr. 2014.
Walia, Arjun . "20 Medical Studies That Prove Cannabis Can Cure Cancer." Collective Evolution. N.p., 23 Aug. 2013. Web.4 Apr.. 2014.
submitted by Trokuhan87 to hemp [link] [comments]

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